What to Know About Nobel Peace Prize Winner Aung San Suu Kyi

Here are key facts about the Nobel Peace Prize-winning Aung San Suu Kyi:

* Suu Kyi was born on April 27, 1945, in Yangon, Myanmar, the only daughter of poet and writer Aung San and Aung San Suu Kyi. She completed her undergraduate studies at Britain’s Birmingham University in 1967 and held a master’s degree from Oxford University in 1974.

* Suu Kyi left Myanmar for a while when she was a child to work in Kenya and India, where she was educated at the Oriental School in Mumbai and in Delhi University. She married Daw Khin Ashin (her maiden name), a school teacher in Yangon in 1971.

* Her late mother served as a translator for a representative for the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, the precursor to the current ruling party, in 1974.

* Suu Kyi and Khin Ashin (as they were then known) had one son, Kim, who died of a heart attack at the age of 2. Khin Ashin died in 1988, at the age of 61. His funeral was attended by more than 4,000 people.

* In 1990, after Khin Ashin’s death, Suu Kyi and her two sons returned to Burma, before she was elected to parliament in 1990. She was nominated as president of the party, which the military barred her from occupying. The military put her under house arrest and launched a massive crackdown against pro-democracy protesters.

* Suu Kyi was released in 2010, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994. She was prime minister of the country’s government-in-exile until 2016, when the country achieved full democratic reforms and won independence from Britain in a vote.

* Despite Amnesty International’s 2009 statement that “a very considerable body of evidence” supported “well-grounded suspicions” that the military was responsible for the murder and mutilation of hundreds of ethnic Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State between March 2012 and October 2015, Suu Kyi remained the only member of Myanmar’s military in parliament.

* She was elected to parliament in 2014. She is a member of the ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party.

* In December 2016, Burma adopted a new constitution that was drafted in 2008, granting military control over key ministries and massive privileges. At the same time, the military pledged to end its involvement in politics and hand power to civilian authority.

* Suu Kyi told CNN in March 2017 that the new constitution was “terrible” and a “fake constitution,” and questioned “how those soldier generals could get through with writing such a thing.”

– By Becky Bratu

Author: Becky Bratu

Citations: CNN, The Guardian, Agence France-Presse, CNN, Foreign Policy

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